Some of us do not even know who Nelson Mandela is and why is he so important globally. Nelson Mandela was the former president of South Africa and perhaps the first black South African who held this elite position. However, world remembers him more because of his peaceful and non violent movement for providing equal rights to the black Africans in South Africa. Born in 18th July, 1918, Nelson Mandela is more famous as a South African anti apartheid leader who fought to remove racism and eradicate poverty and inequality which was mainly been prevalent in South Africa. It was because of this popularity; Nelson Mandela was elected as President of South Africa and served his tenure of five years from 1994 to 1999.
The revolutionary thinking of Nelson Mandela started when he joined law studies at University of Witwatersrand in 1943. He became the first African nationalist who opposed racism, colonialism and imperialism. Mandela became actively involved in politics when he joined African National Congress. He was also influenced by anti-colonialist leaders like Karl Marx, Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru. A major part of his life was spent in South African jails where he was put behind the bars for more than 25 years. He has also spent tough times in Robben Island jail which was isolated from the freedom struggle which was carried out in the mainland.
After being released from prisons, Mandela again became actively involved in politics and he was then elected as president of South Africa in 1994. Instead of opting for getting re-elected for the second term of president, he preferred to do philanthropic work and focused more on combating poverty and HIV/AIDS. Because of his peaceful revolution, he was awarded with 250 awards and in 1993, he was awarded with Nobel Peace Prize.